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How are air compressors employed in the petrochemical industry?
Air compressors play a vital role in the petrochemical industry, where they are employed for various applications that require compressed air. The petrochemical industry encompasses the production of chemicals and products derived from petroleum and natural gas. Here’s an overview of how air compressors are utilized in the petrochemical industry:
1. Instrumentation and Control Systems:
Air compressors are used to power pneumatic instrumentation and control systems in petrochemical plants. These systems rely on compressed air to operate control valves, actuators, and other pneumatic devices that regulate processes such as flow control, pressure control, and temperature control. Compressed air provides a reliable and clean source of energy for these critical control mechanisms.
2. Pneumatic Tools and Equipment:
Petrochemical plants often utilize pneumatic tools and equipment for various tasks such as maintenance, repair, and construction activities. Air compressors supply the necessary compressed air to power these tools, including pneumatic drills, impact wrenches, grinders, sanders, and painting equipment. The versatility and convenience of compressed air make it an ideal energy source for a wide range of pneumatic tools used in the industry.
3. Process Air and Gas Supply:
Petrochemical processes often require a supply of compressed air and gases for specific applications. Air compressors are employed to generate compressed air for processes such as oxidation, combustion, and aeration. They may also be used to compress gases like nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen, which are utilized in various petrochemical reactions and treatment processes.
4. Cooling and Ventilation:
Petrochemical plants require adequate cooling and ventilation systems to maintain optimal operating conditions and ensure the safety of personnel. Air compressors are used to power cooling fans, blowers, and air circulation systems that help maintain the desired temperature, remove heat generated by equipment, and provide ventilation in critical areas.
5. Nitrogen Generation:
Nitrogen is widely used in the petrochemical industry for applications such as blanketing, purging, and inerting. Air compressors are utilized in nitrogen generation systems, where they compress atmospheric air, which is then passed through a nitrogen separation process to produce high-purity nitrogen gas. This nitrogen is used for various purposes, including preventing the formation of explosive mixtures, protecting sensitive equipment, and maintaining the integrity of stored products.
6. Instrument Air:
Instrument air is essential for operating pneumatic instruments, analyzers, and control devices throughout the petrochemical plant. Air compressors supply compressed air that is treated and conditioned to meet the stringent requirements of instrument air quality standards. Instrument air is used for tasks such as pneumatic conveying, pneumatic actuators, and calibration of instruments.
By employing air compressors in the petrochemical industry, operators can ensure reliable and efficient operation of pneumatic systems, power various tools and equipment, support critical processes, and maintain safe and controlled environments.
What is the role of air compressors in manufacturing and industrial processes?
Air compressors play a crucial role in various manufacturing and industrial processes, providing a reliable source of compressed air that powers a wide range of equipment and tools. Here are some key roles of air compressors in manufacturing and industrial settings:
1. Pneumatic Tools and Equipment:
Air compressors power a wide range of pneumatic tools and equipment used in manufacturing processes. These tools include impact wrenches, air drills, sanders, grinders, nail guns, and spray guns. Compressed air provides the necessary force and energy for these tools, enabling efficient and precise operations.
2. Automation and Control Systems:
Compressed air is used in automation and control systems within manufacturing facilities. Pneumatic actuators and valves use compressed air to control the movement of machinery and components. These systems are widely used in assembly lines, packaging operations, and material handling processes.
3. Air Blowing and Cleaning:
Compressed air is employed for blowing and cleaning applications in manufacturing and industrial processes. Air blowguns and air nozzles are used to remove debris, dust, and contaminants from surfaces, machinery, and products. Compressed air is also used for drying, cooling, and purging operations.
4. Air Separation and Gas Generation:
Air compressors are used in air separation plants to generate industrial gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, and argon. These gases are essential for various industrial processes, including metal fabrication, chemical production, and food packaging.
5. HVAC Systems:
Compressed air is utilized in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. It powers pneumatic actuators for damper control, pneumatic controls for pressure regulation, and pneumatic valves for flow control in HVAC applications.
6. Air Compression for Storage and Transport:
Compressed air is used for storage and transport purposes in manufacturing and industrial settings. It is often used to pressurize storage tanks or containers that hold gases or liquids. Compressed air also facilitates the transfer of materials through pipelines and pneumatic conveying systems.
7. Process Instrumentation:
Compressed air is utilized in process instrumentation and control systems. It powers pneumatic instruments such as pressure gauges, flow meters, and control valves. These instruments play a critical role in monitoring and regulating various parameters in industrial processes.
8. Material Handling and Pneumatic Conveying:
In manufacturing and industrial facilities, compressed air is used for material handling and pneumatic conveying systems. It enables the movement of bulk materials such as powders, granules, and pellets through pipelines, facilitating efficient and controlled material transfer.
Overall, air compressors are vital components in manufacturing and industrial processes, providing a versatile and efficient source of power for a wide range of applications. The specific role of air compressors may vary depending on the industry, process requirements, and operational needs.
What is the difference between a piston and rotary screw compressor?
Piston compressors and rotary screw compressors are two common types of air compressors with distinct differences in their design and operation. Here’s a detailed explanation of the differences between these two compressor types:
1. Operating Principle:
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors, also known as reciprocating compressors, use one or more pistons driven by a crankshaft to compress air. The piston moves up and down within a cylinder, creating a vacuum during the intake stroke and compressing the air during the compression stroke.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors utilize two intermeshing screws (rotors) to compress air. As the male and female screws rotate, the air is trapped between them and gradually compressed as it moves along the screw threads.
2. Compression Method:
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors achieve compression through a positive displacement process. The air is drawn into the cylinder and compressed as the piston moves back and forth. The compression is intermittent, occurring in discrete cycles.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors also employ a positive displacement method. The compression is continuous as the rotating screws create a continuous flow of air and compress it gradually as it moves along the screw threads.
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors are known for their high efficiency at lower flow rates and higher pressures. They are well-suited for applications that require intermittent or variable air demand.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors are highly efficient for continuous operation and are designed to handle higher flow rates. They are often used in applications with a constant or steady air demand.
4. Noise Level:
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors tend to generate more noise during operation due to the reciprocating motion of the pistons and valves.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors are generally quieter in operation compared to piston compressors. The smooth rotation of the screws contributes to reduced noise levels.
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors typically require more frequent maintenance due to the higher number of moving parts, such as pistons, valves, and rings.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors have fewer moving parts, resulting in lower maintenance requirements. They often have longer service intervals and can operate continuously for extended periods without significant maintenance.
6. Size and Portability:
- Piston Compressors: Piston compressors are available in both smaller portable models and larger stationary units. Portable piston compressors are commonly used in construction, automotive, and DIY applications.
- Rotary Screw Compressors: Rotary screw compressors are typically larger and more suitable for stationary installations in industrial and commercial settings. They are less commonly used in portable applications.
These are some of the key differences between piston compressors and rotary screw compressors. The choice between the two depends on factors such as required flow rate, pressure, duty cycle, efficiency, noise level, maintenance needs, and specific application requirements.
editor by CX 2023-10-25